Biomethane

The Green Deal action plan, an agreement through which the European Union has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050, includes the promotion of an efficient use of energy resources for a clean and circular economy. This plan also fits in with the themes pursued by REPowerEU, including energy security and clean energy production.

Biomethane plays a considerable role within this. Unlike other renewable sources, it requires limited investment in terms of infrastructure and, regarding emissions, is considered to be neutral as it is produced via the digestion of biomass from by-products, industrial processing waste and organic material.

Focus

PF experience in biomethane

Pietro Fiorentini realises integrated and customised solutions along the entire biomethane chain, including the treatment of raw biogas, the feeding of biomethane into the grid, methane and CO2 liquefaction. Pietro Fiorentini is a member of the Board of Directors of the Italian Biogas Consortium and is founding member of the Biomethane Industrial Partnership.

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Biogas vs Biomethane

Biogas and biomethane are different substances: biogas is a compound with a methane content of between 50 and 70 per cent, while biomethane is a biogas that has undergone a refining process to reach percentages of 97 per cent or more methane, ready to be injected into the transport and distribution grids.

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Biomethane: the advantages of this gas

Biomethane is a valuable ally in the energy transition process: it is a sustainable gas produced from the digestion of biomass, a raw material considered as waste that starts a virtuous circle in which the final by-product also finds a new use.

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Incentives for biomethane supply chain

The increase in the production and use of biomethane is receiving a strong boost thanks to incentives promoted at European level to make this important resource economically sustainable. This represents a tangible contribution not only in the race to achieve the objectives set at EU and national level, but also in regard to the challenge posed by the energy transition that now involves the entire planet.

In 2022, the European Commission approved a new incentive scheme for biomethane production, which will be funded with €1.7 billion through the NRRP. The funding will be used to support the construction of new or converted sustainable biomethane production facilities, with a special focus on biogas production related to agricultural activities.

Incentives for biomethane production (article in Italian)

 

Expertise areas

Hydrogen

Hydrogen

Hydrogen combustion does not release carbon dioxide, but rather steam, and it is easier to transport and store than electricity. This makes hydrogen the ideal ally for renewable energy production.
Today, hydrogen can only be injected into the pipeline network and blended with natural gas up to certain percentages: we are commited to creating systems and devices that can overcome this limit.

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Power-to-gas

Power-to-gas

Managing ‘green electrons’ over time and space is important to obtain as much energy as possible when renewable sources such as the sun and the wind are available.
Power-to-gas, a technology that transforms surplus electricity into gas molecules that can be transported over long distances at low cost and can offer the possibility to seasonally store renewable energy, is the answer.

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Smart gas grids

Smart gas grids

Smart Grids, which integrate different types of energy and make autonomous decisions to optimise energy distribution, are an ambitious project that will, in the very near future, manage energy through networks capable of instantaneously regulating multiple, discontinuous and bidirectional flows.

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Cathodic protection

Cathodic protection

When iron and steel come into contact with an electrolyte, such as soil, a phenomenon called electrolytic corrosion occurs in any infrastructure made of metal.
Electrolytic corrosion cannot be completely eliminated, but specific measures can be taken in the design and construction phases to significantly reduce its effects.

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Water

Water

Water is a primary resource, a fundamental need for life. Good water governance is a strategic responsibility from every point of view: institutional, environmental, economic.
The goal is to move towards process automation through the digitalisation of water networks, thus achieving a better optimisation of resources, investments, and data management, with a business advantage for companies but also a social advantage for the communities.

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